The National Wallace Monument
The National Wallace Monument (as also known as the Wallace Monument) is a tower standing on the Abbey Craig. It celebrates a 13th-century Scottish patriot hero, Sir William Wallace. The Monument was built between 1861 and 1869, and the foundation stone was laid by the Duke of Atholl.
An important fact about the National Wallace Monument building is that it was partially funded by contributions from a number of foreign donors. The Monuments stands at the place from which Wallace was said to have watched the gathering of the army of King Edward I of England, just before the Battle of Stirling Bridge in 1297.
Much of William Wallace’s life remains a mystery but it is believed that he was born around 1270. However what, everybody agrees that William led Scotland to victory and became a national hero. William Wallace decided to encamped with his army just north of Stirling Bridge, on the Abbey Craig, because Stirling was the main entry point to the north of Scotland.
The Battle of Stirling Bridge began on 11th September 1297 when English arms were forced to cross the bridge. Wallace and Andrew de Moray waited until more than half the English had made the crossing before springing their trap. Scottish spearsmen charged down the causeway. Those on the right flank forced their way along the river bank to the north end of the bridge, preventing the English from escaping.
William was taken to London, where he was tried. After being found guilty, he was disemboweled, beheaded, and quartered on 23rd August 1305.
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